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Chlamydia

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Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection in Eeyou Istchee. Individuals aged 15 to 29 years old, who are sexually active, are at greater risk of infection. Testing is easy! Treatment is available! 

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis.

It can be contracted through unprotected vaginal, anal, and oral sex with an infected person. Sharing sex toys can also transmit the infection. It can also be transmitted from mother to child during childbirth.

Who is at risk of getting chlamydia?

Anyone who is sexually active can become infected with chlamydia, if they have unprotected sex with an infected person. 

Chlamydia is most often diagnosed in youths aged 15 to 29.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms do not always appear in patients. They can also appear several weeks after contact with an infected person.

In genital infections, these symptoms may include: 

Women

  • Discomfort, pain, or a burning sensation when urinating. 

  • Vaginal bleeding after intercourse or between menstrual periods. 

  • Vaginal discharge. 

  • Pain in the abdomen or in the lower back. 

  • Pain during intercourse. 

  • Pain, itching, bleeding, and/or mucus discharge of the rectum. 

Men

  • Itchy urethra. 

  • Discomfort, pain, or a burning sensation when urinating. 

  • Clear, watery, or milky discharge from the penis. 

  • Testicular pain or swelling. 

  • Pain, itching, bleeding, and/or mucus discharge of the rectum. 

How can I prevent chlamydia infection?

  1. PROTECTION IS KEY

    Use a condom (vaginal, anal, and oral penetration) or a dental dam (cunnilingus or anulingus). 

  1. MAKE INFORMED DECISIONS

    Talk to your partners about their STI status. If you have a new partner, get tested together. 

  1. EARLY & REGULAR SCREENING ALLOWS FOR EARLY DETECTION

    If you are sexually active, get tested every 3 to 6 months.  

Chlamydia can also infect the eyes

If you experience:

  • bloodshot eyes
  • itchiness
  • discharges
  • crusting of lashes
  • swollen lids
  • decreased vision

Seek medical attention without delay

Urine sample

Get tested regularly

Did you know?

Chlamydia is known as the “silent disease” as symptoms do not always appear.

It is important to be tested regularly if you are sexually active in order to detect it early and access treatment. 

What should I do if I have symptoms?

If you have any of the symptoms listed above, you should seek to be tested at your local CMC (clinic).

Chlamydia: Frequently Asked Questions

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